PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR FUTURE GLOBAL GOOD
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MOLECULAR FARMING WILL BE GOOD FOR THE WORLD
MOLECULARFARMING.COM is a website dedicated to informing
students, the public, and farmers about this future industry. General
information and press articles here are for public information. This site
also has material for student use such as the patent
listings section especially to help students and their research
WHAT IS MOLECULAR FARMING ?
Biotechnology in agriculture has two categories: (1)"improvements" to existing livestock and crops, and (2) development of entirely new uses for both animals and plants ( Biopharming ) So called "improvements", include input traits such as crops with extra resistance to insect attack and improved weed control. These "GM" or "GMO" crops, are modified food crops made more commercially viable, e.g. "Roundup ready" soya, "Starlite" corn, or "Frost-tolerant" tomatoes. Consumers are worried about the safety of their food. Unfortunately we already have cases of compliance failures.
MOLECULAR FARMING is the term for new use plants only [ not animals ] and is different in that this does not affect and has nothing to do with Food . Although it is not yet routinely used commercially, interest and investment in molecular farming with plants is accelerating rapidly. Full scale production licences are imminent, although actual land area involved will be very small and highly regulated, and much will start in contained greenhouses. There are two types of Molecular Farming - Medical and non-Medical
TRANSGENICS 'biofarming animals' or 'pharming' is the related Animal field. This is the direct application of biotechnology to develop new uses from Animals and has already produced potential treatments for conditions as diverse as Diabetes and Cystic-Fibrosis.
Medical Molecular Farming is the growing and harvesting of genetically engineered crops of transgenic plants, to produce biopharmaceuticals [ sometimes called 'farmaceuticals' ]. The idea is to use these molecular crops as biological factories to generate drugs difficult or expensive to produce in any other way. Combining plant genetics, molecular biology and gene delivery, scientists take genes from other sources, such as microorganisms, and splice them into the plant's genome. During normal growth these genetically engineered plants synthesize 'recombinant' proteins which can be Therapeutics, Vaccines, Blood substitutes, Enzymes or Diagnostics which are then extracted from the crop. These transgenic techniques are already being used to produce vaccines for some animal diseases, such as mink enteritis virus. Many others are at advanced stages, such as measles vaccine in Australian potatoes and drugs to fight cancer, heart disease, infant diabetes and Crohn's disease. Therapeutic Proteins, edible vaccines, 'plantigens' and 'plantibodies' are already in Clinical trials.
Sembiosys has achieved commercial levels of Insulin in Safflowers
Agroscience has achieved the first registration of a plant-made vaccine
At least 1000 medical and non-medical candidate proteins for Molecular Farming have been identified
The world's oil production
could have peaked, http://www.hubbertpeak.com/magoon/
which will fuel the need for alternatives as oil increases in price. Molecular
crops are being, and will be, engineered to produce specific use oils,
as well as higher yielding ethanols and biofuels.
Several International Organizations
are holding Conferences which include Molecular Farming. Details on our
More details HERE----
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Recombinant Proteins from Plants: Methods & Protocols - 2008. editors Loic Faye & Véronique Gomord - currently the best, most up to date book on Molecular Farming. You can buy it, and other Molecular Farming books, from Amazon.
A profile on our manager is HERE